- Identify up to five diagnostic tools used in acute or episodic care that you have used or seen used in your clinical practice.
- Can you give examples of pros and cons to using or not using diagnostics? For example, the pros and cons of ordering a rapid strep test.
The diagnostic tools that I have seen in my clinical rotation are EKG, rapid strep test, pap smear, Hgb testing, urinalysis, and colposcopy. EKG provides basic information regarding the heart rhythm when a patient comes with chest pain, palpitations or irregular or skipped heart beats. Rapid Strep test used to rule out streptococcal infection to provide antibiotics needed for the patient. Pap smear is diagnostic screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix, the opening of the uterus. When the pap smear results show abnormalities than colposcopy test performed to get a biopsy from the cervix to detect cervical cancer. Hgb testing is done to check the level of Hemoglobin level in patients with anemia, recent heavy bleeding. Urinalysis is screening test to detect problems related to urine such as urinary tract infections.
The pros of these diagnostic tools help to make accurate and early diagnosis to initiate treatment as needed. It helps to detect contagious infections early. The cons of using diagnosis are that they are not always correct if the sample is not taken the correct way it is supposed to it gives false results. It is difficult to estimate the impact the various measurement tools identified in this review would have in improving patient safety. Tools in primary care environments have the potential to contribute to a serious error that can cause both morbidity and mortality; which has been demonstrated in the field of prescribing.
Tools for primary care patient safety. (n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2016, from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/834550_2